The Bank has recently begun to recognise evidence of links between peoples’ empowerment, growth and improved project performance. However, it recognises that “there remain many questions about what empowerment means, how it applies to the Bank’s work, and what actions should be undertaken”. It has published an Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Sourcebook to start to define its approach in more detail. This sourcebook will also inform the World Bank’s social development strategy which is now under production.
The IMF and the World Bank are increasingly engaged with the challenge of addressing how tax avoidance and evasion affect developing countries, but need to address the role played by multinational enterprises and tax havens in exacerbating inequality and undermining countries’ domestic revenues.
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