The Bank has recently begun to recognise evidence of links between peoples’ empowerment, growth and improved project performance. However, it recognises that “there remain many questions about what empowerment means, how it applies to the Bank’s work, and what actions should be undertaken”. It has published an Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Sourcebook to start to define its approach in more detail. This sourcebook will also inform the World Bank’s social development strategy which is now under production.
After 4 years of on-off negotiation and public opposition, the government of Egypt has signed a loan deal with the IMF whose impacts civil society fears will encroach upon human rights, social protection and social provision, like health and education, upon which the poorest depend.
Investments by the World Bank-hosted Global Financing Facility (GFF) do not reflect the family planning priorities identified by developing countries and local communities. The GFF also continues to suffer from a lack of transparency and meaningful civil society participation, raising doubts about the new mechanism’s effectiveness.
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