The Bank has recently begun to recognise evidence of links between peoples’ empowerment, growth and improved project performance. However, it recognises that “there remain many questions about what empowerment means, how it applies to the Bank’s work, and what actions should be undertaken”. It has published an Empowerment and Poverty Reduction Sourcebook to start to define its approach in more detail. This sourcebook will also inform the World Bank’s social development strategy which is now under production.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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