The Baku Tbilisi Ceyhan pipeline came under fire last month. A report by independent financial analysts found that returns would be “marginal” if everything goes according to plan. “But with considerable political risks involved,” said author Mark Mansley, “it could become a real headache for BP. Banks would be well advised to be cautious in their decisions on this”. Support from public institutions such as the International Finance Corporation has been delayed until September 2003. Meanwhile activists have filed complaints in 5 countries alleging that the project breaches the OECD’s Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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