US-based agricultural giant Cargill has filed a $130 million claim against Poland at the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), the World Bank arbitration tribunal. The multinational alleges a breach of a 1994 US-Poland investment treaty. Cargill says it has received treatment less favourable than its competitors in the Polish sugar industry, after changes were made to quotas as a requirement of EU accession.
BWP briefing explores gender dimensions of IMF’s key fiscal policy advice on resource mobilisation in developing countries, in particular on Value-Added Tax.
The IFC’s push for the PPP model, as well as its preference for healthcare ‘provision’ and the results-based payment approach, collectively undermine the human right to universal healthcare and the achievement of the SDGs.
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