In October the Bank’s board approved a $45 million loan from the International Finance Corporation (IFC), for the controversial Allain Duhangan hydropower project in the Indian Himalayas. Local people and Indian NGOs had called for the project to be delayed until numerous grievances were resolved. There are fears that the dam will divert essential water resources from drinking and farming. Villagers filed a formal complaint with the IFC’s Compliance Advisor Ombudsman (CAO) in September. Two days prior to loan approval, the CAO decided that the villagers’ complaint warranted an independent assessment of the project. Opponents fear that now the loan is approved, the CAO’s recommendations will be ignored by project officials.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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