The Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan (BTC) pipeline has come under renewed scrutiny just over one year after receiving an IFC loan in November 2003, worth $300 million. UK Parliamentarians from the trade and industry committee cross-examined officials of the British export credit agency on issues of environmental and technical safety of the BTC pipeline. Throughout 2004 a number of press reports have exposed concerns raised by whistleblowers of major technical failings and cutting corners on costs. Campaigners had warned the IFC before its decision that the project violated its own mandatory standards on 173 counts.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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