The Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) has said that the IMF’s role in Jordan in the period 1989 – 2004 was “moderately successful”. The IEO said the Fund was “important in reinforcing necessary macroeconomic discipline and helping advance key reforms”. Criticisms include the failure to provide “a clear rationale for the magnitude and composition of targeted adjustment”; adopting benchmarks on privatisation “that were not well designed”; and ineffective collaboration with the World Bank in the area of public expenditure policy. One of the key lessons was the need for “alternative policy options”, since short-term quantitative targets which lack analysis of the underlying strategies needed to achieve them “are likely to be unsuccessful”.
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Last year BRICS' leaders agreed to launch a BRICS development bank. Whether this is considered positive depends in part what questions are being asked. Sameer Dossani of ActionAid International highlights the flaws in the World Bank and IMF, analyses whether a BRICS Bank could be different from these institutions and proposes what it should do and what it should look like.
The Bretton Woods Project is an ActionAid hosted project (UK registered charity no. 274467).