Ecuador intends to prevent oil and mining disputes from going to the Bank’s International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Bolivia announced in May that it wished to withdraw from ICSID; Venezuela and Nicaragua have said that they intend to do so (see Update 56). Bolivia’s withdrawal is being contested by ICSID’s ruling allowing a claim lodged by a subsidiary of Telecom Italia. Ecuador could either withdraw completely, or tell ICSID that it no longer wishes to allow certain categories of disputes to be arbitrated, though this might not carry legal weight. Ecuador is facing a billion dollar claim brought by US oil giant Occidental.
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Bretton Woods Project briefing on MDBs' fossil fuel investments and exposure to the carbon bubble
This factsheet explains how the International Finance Corporation (IFC) operates, how development impact is measured, and the latest trends in investments by sector, region and instrument.
The Bretton Woods Project is an ActionAid hosted project (UK registered charity no. 274467).