The long-awaited multilateralisation of the Chiang Mai initiative was agreed in early May in Madrid on the sidelines of the Asian Development Bank annual meeting. The Chiang Mai initiative is a series of bilateral agreements among the 10 members of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) and neighbours South Korea, China and Japan (see Update 56, 52, 46). The so called ASEAN+3 group agreed to set up an $80 billion fund with 80 per cent of the money coming from the non-ASEAN members. Full details of surveillance mechanisms and conditions for use of the money have not yet been settled. Separately India signed a $3 billion bilateral currency swap arrangement with Japan.
East Asia’s Counterweight Strategy: Asian financial cooperation and evolving international monetary, Injoo Sohn
The IMF and the World Bank are increasingly engaged with the challenge of addressing how tax avoidance and evasion affect developing countries, but need to address the role played by multinational enterprises and tax havens in exacerbating inequality and undermining countries’ domestic revenues.
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