A March staff paper by the IMF outlines that although trade restriction measures have increased in the wake of the financial crisis, they have only had a strong negative impact in the products they targeted, and their aggregate impact is just 0.25 per cent of global trade. The IMF has called on the World Trade Organisation (WTO) to further monitor protectionist measures, and recommended completing the WTO Doha Round of trade talks. Meanwhile, the World Bank is formulating a global trade strategy, with stakeholder consultations both before and after a draft is released in July.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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