The Pakistani government is facing increased pressure from the IMF to meet the requirements of its financial stabilisation programme, agreed in 2008, including the full implementation of a value added tax (VAT) and specific foreign borrowing targets (see Update 71). At the same time, fears over the cost of increased borrowing from IFIs remain evident, with finance minister Abdul Hafeez Shaikh stating that although Pakistan may need a follow up loan from the Fund, “in the long run we have to get rid of the IMF because it’s expensive.” His comments echoed those from the provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which in May rejected a $100 million World Bank loan. A senior official from the provincial finance department said that, “this loan may enlarge fiscal space for the next budget, but the government and people will have to pay a price for it.”
After 4 years of on-off negotiation and public opposition, the government of Egypt has signed a loan deal with the IMF whose impacts civil society fears will encroach upon human rights, social protection and social provision, like health and education, upon which the poorest depend.
Investments by the World Bank-hosted Global Financing Facility (GFF) do not reflect the family planning priorities identified by developing countries and local communities. The GFF also continues to suffer from a lack of transparency and meaningful civil society participation, raising doubts about the new mechanism’s effectiveness.
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