The Pakistani government is facing increased pressure from the IMF to meet the requirements of its financial stabilisation programme, agreed in 2008, including the full implementation of a value added tax (VAT) and specific foreign borrowing targets (see Update 71). At the same time, fears over the cost of increased borrowing from IFIs remain evident, with finance minister Abdul Hafeez Shaikh stating that although Pakistan may need a follow up loan from the Fund, “in the long run we have to get rid of the IMF because it’s expensive.” His comments echoed those from the provincial government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, which in May rejected a $100 million World Bank loan. A senior official from the provincial finance department said that, “this loan may enlarge fiscal space for the next budget, but the government and people will have to pay a price for it.”
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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