US NGO Gender Action’s October report Banking on health, examines IFIs’ commitment to addressing gender issues in health-related projects. The study, assessing evidence from 2006 to 2012 in Sub-Saharan Africa, found that many World Bank and African Development Bank (AfDB) funded projects paid little attention to gender roles and failed to track the impacts of specific investment for women, whilst promoting user fees. The report argues that the “World Bank and AfDB risk undermining their own health-related goals by overlooking women’s rights and needs.” The study highlights the absence of gender from project evaluation frameworks.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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