As developing countries continue to complain about the US failing to approve IMF governance reforms (see Update 85, 84), the US Treasury formally resubmitted a request for the approval to US Congress. Brazilian finance minister Guido Mantega’s mid April statement to the IMF spring meetings said: “America is unable and Europe unwilling to follow through with agreed reforms. The institution’s major shareholders are gambling, perhaps unwittingly, with the IMF’s legitimacy and credibility.” The original deadline for the reforms to be ratified was October 2012. In late April, US Treasury under secretary for international affairs Lael Brainard was questioned for nearly two hours by a congressional committee that is considering the request. No time frame has been set on its final approval.
Originally created to help the poor escape poverty and deprivation, the World Bank became the most important advocate for the commercialised microcredit model. Yet, critics argued it undermined the chances of sustainable and equitable development to create a poverty trap of historic proportions.
While the World Development Report (WDR) 2018 on education has some redeeming features, it is part of the Bank's longstanding very narrow view of education, and is silent on education financing.
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