The World Bank’s role in damaging or endangering the mangrove forests of Vietnam (and their inhabitants) has been the subject of an article and exchange of letters in the Bulletin of the World Rainforest Movement. An article by Chris Lang examines the Bank-funded Coastal Wetlands Protection and Development project. Lang comments that “In the context of ever increasing shrimp exports, simply moving villagers and planting mangrove trees is unlikely to solve the problem”. This provoked a strong response from the Bank, and a further letter from Lang.
World Bank Enabling the Business of Agriculture rankings prescribe land privatisation at the expense of family farmers, pastoralists, and Indigenous Peoples.
As debt crises across the African continent continue to soar, concerns are raised about the gendered impact of debt-servicing conditions imposed by international financial institutions.
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