The capital subscription, expressed in Special Drawing Rights (SDRs), that each member must pay to the IMF on joining. Up to 25 per cent is payable in SDRs or other acceptable reverse assets and the remainder in the members own currency. Quotas, which reflect member’s relative size in the world economy, are normally reviewed every 5 years.
World Bank Enabling the Business of Agriculture rankings prescribe land privatisation at the expense of family farmers, pastoralists, and Indigenous Peoples.
As debt crises across the African continent continue to soar, concerns are raised about the gendered impact of debt-servicing conditions imposed by international financial institutions.
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