Owed by the World Bank and richer countries to citizens of borrowing, poorer countries, ecological debt includes atmospheric pollution and other costs to the global environment of unsustainable living. See Andrew Simmons, “Ecological Debt: the health of the planet and the wealth of nations”, 2005: Pluto Press.
New IMF gender guidance opportunity for civil society to keep its staff to account.
BWP publishes essay series reflecting on the legacy of 75 years of IMF and World Bank policies and power.
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