Free Prior and Informed Consent is an international requirement for development projects that has been recognised as customary law by the Inter American Court of Human Rights since 1984. FPIC is most relevant to the protection of indigenous populations from unwelcome incursion and investment into their resources. Free Prior and Informed Consultation is a 2005 World Bank amendment which threatens the autonomy and human rights of indigenous peoples by removing the need for consent.
World Bank Enabling the Business of Agriculture rankings prescribe land privatisation at the expense of family farmers, pastoralists, and Indigenous Peoples.
As debt crises across the African continent continue to soar, concerns are raised about the gendered impact of debt-servicing conditions imposed by international financial institutions.
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