Charges for primary education and health care at the point of use, user fees were introduced in poor countries by the World Bank and other donors in the 1980-90’s to tackle severe under-funding. The financial burden of user fees restricts access to basic resources and the World Bank states that it no longer supports them but is so far unable to eliminate them despite pressure to do so.
New IMF gender guidance opportunity for civil society to keep its staff to account.
BWP publishes essay series reflecting on the legacy of 75 years of IMF and World Bank policies and power.
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