The governor of the Turkish central bank, Durmuş Yılmaz, cast doubt on whether Turkey would renew its arrangement with the IMF. In early August he said: “there is no need to sign a credit agreement with the IMF at the current point.” But he did stress the need for continued fiscal discipline. In September the Confederation of Turkish Labor Unions (Türk-İş) called on the government to sever relations with the IMF saying that Fund conditionality is preventing the government from making necessary increases in social expenditure. They called for the government to target a primary budget surplus of 3.5 per cent rather than the 6.5 per cent required by the IMF.
This briefing emphasises the interdependence between the SDGs and the Paris Climate Agreement, in terms of ensuring that all new infrastructure is climate resilient and aligned with the low- or zero-carbon pathways required to avert catastrophic climate change – which would render achieving the SDGs impossible.
World Bank Enabling the Business of Agriculture rankings prescribe land privatisation at the expense of family farmers, pastoralists, and Indigenous Peoples.
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