Ecuador intends to prevent oil and mining disputes from going to the Bank’s International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID). Bolivia announced in May that it wished to withdraw from ICSID; Venezuela and Nicaragua have said that they intend to do so (see Update 56). Bolivia’s withdrawal is being contested by ICSID’s ruling allowing a claim lodged by a subsidiary of Telecom Italia. Ecuador could either withdraw completely, or tell ICSID that it no longer wishes to allow certain categories of disputes to be arbitrated, though this might not carry legal weight. Ecuador is facing a billion dollar claim brought by US oil giant Occidental.
World Bank & IMF in the news
Briefing examines the shortcomings of the current SDRs allocation system and calls to reform SDRs to ensure their targeted, needs-based and equitable distribution.
This briefing explains how the IMF and World Bank have driven the financialisation of MENA states, and the pervasive negative effects this has had on the region’s societies and economies.