Demonstrations have taken place throughout Malawi, prompted by the rising cost of living and the increasingly unpopular leadership of president Joyce Banda, who has been closely following a $156 million three-year programme approved in July 2012. The Extended Credit Facility loan agreement stipulated that Malawi would de-peg the Malawian kwacha from the dollar (the kwacha has now lost more than half its value since April), as well as remove fuel subsidies and price controls. Subsequently, inflation stood at 34.5 per cent in December according to the National Statistical Office. John Kapito, of the Consumers’ Association of Malawi, said “the IMF reforms are rejected by most Malawians, who see them as externally imposed by an IMF taking advantage of Malawi’s economic vulnerability and weak leadership in order to justify its own legitimacy at the expense of the poor.”
World Bank Enabling the Business of Agriculture rankings prescribe land privatisation at the expense of family farmers, pastoralists, and Indigenous Peoples.
As debt crises across the African continent continue to soar, concerns are raised about the gendered impact of debt-servicing conditions imposed by international financial institutions.
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