An introduction to the new Bank and Fund Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers.
Bretton Woods Project-commissioned riposte to the World Bank’s World Development Report, The State in a Changing World. (March 1998).
In the light of the financial crisis in South East Asia and the traumur this brought to many people’s lives in the region it was anticipated that the executive directors of the international monetary fund would discuss a proposal to extend the IMF’s articles of agreement so that it can pursue capital account liberalisation in member countries.
The World Bank’s World Development reports are written and marketed giving the impression that they convey broadly held views and contain objective research. Many civil society organisations feel, however, that they are selective and biased and that the Bank sees them largely as a tool for self-promotion and self-justification. Outlines proposals for clarifying and improving this situation (April 1998).
This paper considers whether private sector flows is an effective alternative to development assistance. It examines the implications of increased private sector inflows in terms of the potential to create unsustainable debt burdens and to tie the hands of policy makers to a limited set of policies critical for foreign investors but potentially detrimental to the domestic economy.
In January 1999, Wolfensohn revealed the Comprehensive Development Framework, which frames his agenda for the Bank. This is a short examination of some of the issues raised by this announcement (July 1999).
The “second generation” reforms are aimed at implementing policies for the common good, particularly social policies that will help to alleviate poverty and provide more equal opportunity. It would appear that the IMF views itself no longer as simply an institution to achieve macroeconomic stabilisation objectives but is focused much more on structural issues, issues which have previously been the remit of the World Bank (1997).
Critical analysis of the Bank’s 1997 World Development Report, The Role of the State. Written by Nicholas Hildyard, commissioned by the Bretton Woods Project
The IMF has taken few steps to openly evaluate its operations. To try to remedy this situation, and in response to non-governmental organisations’ calls for a fully independent review mechanism, the IMF executive board decided to establish an ad hoc external review mechanism on a trial basis (1998).
The World Bank’s pilot of its Comprehensive Development Framework (CDF) in Bolivia, reflects both scepticism and a complete lack of involvement. How did this state of affairs come about? And are the prospects for the CDF really as bleak as this might suggest?
When the social principles were proposed by Gordon Brown at the 1998 AGM of the Bank and IMF it was envisaged that they would apply to all countries and would be monitored as the other codes on Fiscal Transparency, Monetary Policy and Corporate Governance will be. The Development Committee charged the World Bank with the task of drawing up the principles (1999).