Significant concerns also remain about environmental and social impacts of mega-infrastructure project partially financed by World Bank.
While there is scope to improve IMF operations in all fragile states, ahead of the forthcoming publication of the IMF IEO review of IMF work in fragile states, there is one fundamental change it must make to transform its effectiveness in fragile states: wherever it is possible, it must be present. No country should be left out.
Despite making some positive changes, the IMF and World Bank Debt Sustainability Framework review has ignored fundamental issues, as risk of new crises persist.
While South Sudan achieved formal independence in early July, it was not until late July that full agreement was reached that left South Sudan with no debt, apportioning all existing debts, including significant arrears to the IMF and World Bank, to Sudan alone.